Catastrophic Sport Injury Definition:
Catastrophic injuries are defined as: fatalities, permanent disability injuries, serious injuries (fractured neck or serious head injury) even though the athlete has a full recovery, temporary or transient paralysis (athlete has no movement for a short time, but has a complete recovery), heat stroke due to exercise, or sudden cardiac arrest or sudden cardiac or severe cardiac disruption.
We monitor all of the above events at all level of any sport or physical activity. However, our primary focus is middle school, high school, collegiate, and professional sport. Additionally, we monitor any sudden cardiac arrest or sudden cardiac death in a student-athlete (even if not directly related to athletics). For more information on what qualifies as a catastrophic sport injury, please see NCCSIR Eligible Events Definition.
Catastrophic injuries are classified as traumatic (direct) or exertional/systemic (indirect). Traumatic or direct injuries are those which resulted directly from participation in the fundamental skills of the sport. Exertional/systemic or indirect injuries are caused by systemic failure (usually cardiac or respiratory) as a result of exertion while participating in an activity or by a complication which was secondary to a non-fatal injury.